This section covers communication with Spinnaker from parties external to your Spinnaker instance. That is, any requests between…
your browser and the Spinnaker UI (Deck)
Deck and Gate (the API gateway)
any other client and Gate
Info: Many operators like to get authentication working before adding HTTPS, but experience bears out that the transition is not smooth. We recommend you implement at least a temporary SSL solution first.
1. Generate key and self-signed certificate
We will use
openssl to generate a Certificate Authority (CA) key and a server
certificate. These instructions create a self-signed CA. You might want to
use an external CA, to minimize browser configuration, but it’s not necessary
(and can be expensive).
Use the steps below to create a certificate authority. (If you’re using an external CA, skip to the next section.)
- Create the CA key.
openssl genrsa -des3 -out ca.key 4096
- Self-sign the CA certificate.
openssl req -new -x509 -days 365 -key ca.key -out ca.crt
2. Create the server certificate
Use the self-signed CA cert you created above to sign the server certificate.
- Create the server key. Keep this file safe!
openssl genrsa -des3 -out server.key 4096
- Generate a certificate signing request for the server. Specify
localhostor Gate’s eventual fully-qualified domain name (FQDN) as the Common Name (CN).
openssl req -new -key server.key -out server.csr
- Use the CA to sign the server’s request. If using an external CA, they will do this for you.
openssl x509 -req -days 365 -in server.csr -CA ca.crt -CAkey ca.key -CAcreateserial -out server.crt
- Format server certificate into Java Keystore (JKS) importable form.
YOUR_KEY_PASSWORD=hunter2 openssl pkcs12 -export -clcerts -in server.crt -inkey server.key -out server.p12 -name spinnaker -password pass:$YOUR_KEY_PASSWORD
This creates a p12 keystore file with your certificate imported under the alias “spinnaker” with the key password $YOUR_KEY_PASSWORD.
- Create Java Keystore by importing CA certificate
keytool -keystore keystore.jks -import -trustcacerts -alias ca -file ca.crt
- Import server certificate
$ keytool -importkeystore \ -srckeystore server.p12 \ -srcstoretype pkcs12 \ -srcalias spinnaker \ -srcstorepass $YOUR_KEY_PASSWORD \ -destkeystore keystore.jks \ -deststoretype jks \ -destalias spinnaker \ -deststorepass $YOUR_KEY_PASSWORD \ -destkeypass $YOUR_KEY_PASSWORD
Voilà! You now have a Java Keystore with your certificate authority and server certificate ready to be used by Spinnaker!
3. Configure SSL for Gate and Deck
With the above certificates and keys in hand, you can use Halyard to set up SSL for Gate and Deck.
KEYSTORE_PATH= # /path/to/keystore.jks hal config security api ssl edit \ --key-alias spinnaker \ --keystore $KEYSTORE_PATH \ --keystore-password \ --keystore-type jks \ --truststore $KEYSTORE_PATH \ --truststore-password \ --truststore-type jks hal config security api ssl enable
SERVER_CERT= # /path/to/server.crt SERVER_KEY= # /path/to/server.key hal config security ui ssl edit \ --ssl-certificate-file $SERVER_CERT \ --ssl-certificate-key-file $SERVER_KEY \ --ssl-certificate-passphrase hal config security ui ssl enable
4. Verify your SSL setup
To verify that you’ve successfully set up SSL, try to reach one of the endpoints, like Gate or Deck, over SSL.
If you have problems…
Are you using https?
If you are running Spinnaker in a distributed environment, have you run
hal deploy connect?
About network configurations
Each authentication mechanism is configured differently depending on where the SSL connection terminates.
Terminating SSL within the Gate server is the de-facto way to enable SSL for Spinnaker. This works with or without a load balancer proxying traffic to this instance.
Load Balancer-terminated SSL
A common practice is to offload SSL-related bits to outside of the server in question. This is fully supported in Spinnaker, but it does affect the authentication configuration slightly. See your authentication method for specifics.
Choose an authentication method: